Bark used for lung and urinary tract issues dysentery, diarrhea. Natives have been known to use the root to create a medicine for diarrhea. The leaves were also used in treatments of colds. Wildlife Value: A favorite of grouse and turkey. Yes, some varieties are poisonous, but many are not, and it’s not difficult to … The fruits were used to treat toothaches and the flu. Small berries are attractive to birds and other pollinators. It grows in subtropical and temperate regions throughout the world, especially in East Asia, Africa, and North America. to Florida and west to the Great Plains in Texas to Similar species: Poison ivy looks similar, but the terminal leaflets on poison ivy are on stalks ½–1¾ inches long, and its berries are creamy-white and hairless. US east of the Rocky Mountains, from Ontario and A small native Missouri shrub. These stems spread out horizontally over the ground and can root where they come in contact with th… Turns out they’re all cousins. Aromatic sumac, lemon sumac, polecat sumac Uses: The fruit is an important winter food for birds, including turkeys, ruffed grouse, robins and flickers, and for various small mammals. We protect and manage the fish, forest, and wildlife of the state. Yellow-green flowers appear before leaves emerge. western Quebec, Massachusetts and New Hampshire The fruit is eaten by many species of birds and mammals. Typically grows 2-4' tall (less frequently to 6') and spreads to 10' wide. Height is 2 to 5 feet tall and 5 to 10 feet wide. It has small yellow flowers, hairy red fruits, and glossy leaves that change to gorgeous orange-red in autumn. Flowers late March–April, before the leaves; clusters 1½ inches long, at ends of twigs (not along stems); flowers small, yellowish-green; petals egg-shaped, tips pointed; stamens shorter than the petals. Rhus aromatica. Soils should be well drained and of dry to medium moisture. It is native to North America and can be found in Southern Ontario. Fragrant sumac commonly grows in low colonies in open woodlands. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 25 years. Fragrant sumac is a dense, low shrub that readily spreads by suckers to form thickets. Note the lack of a separate, elongated leaf stalk on the center leaflet; instead, the leaf middle leaflet blade tapers to where it joins the other two. Fruit and leaves can be chewed for stomach ache, diabetes. Call 1-800-392-1111 to report poaching and arson. Twigs are slender, flexible, brown, hairy, becoming smooth later. Known for its lemony scent, fragrant sumac is a native Midwestern plant that blooms in early spring with greenish-yellow flowers and bright red and orange fruits in late summer and fall. Low, irregular spreading shrub with lower branches that grow horizontally then turn up at the tips. Small yellow flowers bloom in late March or early April. Winged (dwarf, or shining) sumac (R. copallinum) is most common south of the Missouri River. Fragrant Sumac. South Dakota. Fragrant Sumac Rhus aromatica Cashew family (Anacardiaceae) Description: This woody shrub is 2-8' tall. Also, poison ivy can climb as a vine, with aerial roots, while fragrant sumac doesn't climb at all. Trailing-rooting ground covers have trailing stems that spread out from a central root system. Staghorn Sumac has leaves that have a hairy leaf stem and rachis, the stem that the leaflets are attached to. Now, however, we are getting back to discovering the truth behind this plant. Fragrant bush up to 7ft tall, red hairy oily fruits, 3-leaf design, yellow flowers, red fuzzy berries. Fragrant Sumac (Rhus aromatica) General Description ... Fruit Type - Hairy-clustered drupes, 1/4 inch in diameter, females only. The show begins with large clusters of flowers in spring, followed by attractive, brilliantly colored fall foliage. Leaves, Stews and Fruit Fragrant sumac leaves are arranged as 3 leaflets. Fragrant Sumac is a slow growing shrub that typically grows 2-4 meters tall. Sumac is any one of about 35 species of flowering plants in the genus Rhus and related genera, in the family Anacardiaceae. Does well as a border planting along woods. Becoming popular as a landscaping plant. 'Grow Low' are easy to grow in many soils types. The foliage is green in summer and scarlet in fall. When to Plant a Fragrant Sumac. There is also a recipe that uses the Fragrant Sumac fruit to … Tends to sucker and root along stems that touch the soil, forming a dense stand. In fall, the leaves turn brilliant hues and add to its value as a shrub. Noted for its aromatic foliage, attractive berries and glorious fall colors, Rhus aromatica (Fragrant Sumac) is a dense, sprawling, deciduous shrub with lower branches that turn up at the tips. Sumac family (Anacardiaceae). Increasingly used as a native landscaping plant, there are now a selection of varieties and cultivars available, some taller, some shorter or "dwarf." Read on for sumac tree info and growing tips. Fragrant sumac has hairy, reddish fruits (while poison ivy has waxy whitish fruits). Call it a cousin-cidence. Small yellow flowers are present from early spring before foliage growth. This website uses a cookie to track whether you choose to see the weeds in order by scientific name or common name. Form Growth Habit - Ascending, branchlets pubescent, rounded mounds. The leaves and twigs are fragrant when crushed or damaged, a feature that lends the plant its common name. Fragrant sumac is drought tolerant and thrives in full sun; the leaves turn red and orange in fall. Its compound leaves with three leaflets loosely resemble those of its cousin, poison ivy, but this plant is not poisonous. Find local MDC conservation agents, consultants, education specialists, and regional offices. Comments: Fragrant sumac forms thickets up … Fruit Color - Red. Depending on the variety, it is variable in size and branching habit. Shrubs are less than 13 feet tall, with multiple stems. Fragrant … The sumac has dense branches that reach a height of up to 8 feet and a width of up to 10 feet. The leaves are fragrant or at least odorous. During the winter, small mammals, turkeys, grouse, robins, and flickers eat the seeds and rabbits and mice eat the bark. Aromatic sumac is widespread and adaptable in hills and woods, occurring in East Texas, east and south to Florida, north to Vermont, Missouri and Minnesota. Anacardiaceae. The leaves of the three species differ slightly as well. The shrub was fragrant sumac (Rhus aromatica). Bark is dark brown, smooth on young stems, becoming cracked later; pores prominent. Fragrant Sumac slide 28c 360% slide 28a 360% slide 28d 520% III-53. Fruits: 5-7 mm in diameter, bright red at maturity and densely hairy, containing a single nutlet 3.8-4.5 mm long, in terminal clusters. Fragrant sumac is native to most of the Fruit: Persists into winter. Fragrant sumac root was used by Native Americans to “Wood” is a type of tissue made of cellulose and lignin that many plants develop as they mature — whether they are “woody” or not. Rhus aromatica, commonly called fragrant sumac, is a deciduous Missouri native shrub which occurs in open woods, glades and thickets throughout the State.A dense, low-growing, rambling shrub which spreads by root suckers to form thickets in the wild. Berries soaked in … Vines require support or else sprawl over the ground. Also, fragrant sumac has hairy, reddish fruits (not waxy whitish ones), and it never crawls up trees as a vine. Foliage/fruit. The foliage is relatively unpalatable due to the high tannin content of the leaves. The fruit on this species is also fuzzy, with lots of tiny hairs on each berry in its fruit clusters. Depending on the type, fragrant sumac can make a good foundation planting or a good screen during the growing season. Michael Dirr, author of The Manual of Woody Plants, says of fragrant sumac that although it is “somewhat of a second-class citizen”, he “cannot remember any (of the hundreds he has seen over the years) that were offensive”. Fragrant sumac. There are no sharp dividing lines between trees, shrubs, and woody vines, or even between woody and nonwoody plants. Uses For Sumac Berries. Fragrant sumac is a low-growing shrub (4 feet or 1.2 m tall), which forms thickets in glades and on rocky balds. Like its cousin poison ivy, fragrant sumac turns lovely colors in the fall. The leaves are fragrant or at least odorous. Fragrant sumac is named for the spicy citrus fragrance, evident when the leaves are bruised. One difference is that the leaflets of fragrant sumac are attached at a single point, while the terminal leaflet of poison oak has a short stem. Clusters of fuzzy red fruit form on female plants through June. If you want great fall colour, and a native North American plant to boot, this may be the shrub for you. Fragrant sumac (Rhus aromatica) is often mistaken for poison oak, and both grow in similar habitats. The fall color is a vibrant red to orange, and birds flock to the clusters of red, fuzzy berries. Occurs in rocky or open woods, in thickets, on glades, and along ledges. Unlike its cousin poison ivy, fragrant sumac is a peasant, nontoxic plant. Leaves are alternate, compound with three leaflets, leaflets lacking stalks; terminal leaflet 2–2½ inches long, short stalked, egg-shaped, tip pointed to rounded, margin lobed or coarsely toothed, lower edge lacking teeth; foliage fragrant when crushed. Some people make an iced tea from the sour berries, sweetened like lemonade. Modest yellow flowers appear in spring followed by small dark red fruits (on female plants) in fall. Fragrant_sumac_fall_color_Portland_10-27-18.JPG, Wildflowers, Grasses and Other Nonwoody Plants. Known … Smooth sumac and fragrant sumac have always been conspicuous in the fall, but now they seem more apparent to me. The bright green leaves look like rounded poison ivy leaves but are non-allergenic and turn bright red, yellow-orange and purple in the fall. Leaves: deciduous, alternate, compound with 3 leaflets, variable in shape, lobing, and margin, the leaflets unstalked, ovate to rhomboid, more or less wedge-shaped at the base, coarsely-toothed, usually shiny-glabrous above, the terminal leaflet 3-6.5 cm long; summer foliage green to glossy blue-green, turning orange to red or purple in the fall. It has trifoliate (with three leaflets), medium-green leaves that turn orange, red, and purple in autumn. Many birds and mammals feed on the fruit. These plants grow naturally throughout the woods in the central part of the U.S., so they do fine in full sunlight to dappled shade. It tends to fill out right to the ground and therefore doesn't necessarily require facer plants in front. Note the middle leaflet of its "leaves of three": On fragrant sumac, there is no (or at most a very short) leaf stalk on that middle leaflet. Facts. Fragrant sumac (Rhus aromatica) is a low growing shrub with spreading branches that turn up at the tips. Fragrant Sumac 'Gro Low' ( Rhus aromatica) are short, wide growing shrubs with bright fall foliage. Uses: Excellent cover to stabilize bankings. Sumac is a fairly common plant, and you were probably taught for years that it is poisonous and should be avoided. Flowers: yellow, in small, dense inflorescences on short lateral shoots, opening before the leaves, bisexual and unisexual, both types borne on the same plant (the species polygamodioecious); male (staminate) flowers in yellowish catkins, female (pistillate) flowers in bright yellow, short panicles at the ends of branches. It is the stems that are pungently fragrant. We facilitate and provide opportunity for all citizens to use, enjoy, and learn about these resources. Also, fragrant sumac has hairy, reddish fruits (not waxy whitish ones). All parts edible and astringent. Fuzzy, kind of like a staghorn sumac (Rhus typina). Fragrant Sumac will grow to be about 3 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 6 feet. Natives of Canada and the United States have used fragrant sumac over the centuries for its astringent properties, which assist with poultices. This is a great plant for … Use Fragrant Sumac in sun or light shade in dryish soil. Native to North America, it is dioecious with separate male and female plants. It is a thicket-forming shrub or small tree with a rounded top. Fragrant sumac is a thicket-forming shrub, with branches ascending or lying on the ground. The common name sumac is from the Middle English for related tree. The leaflets are egg-shaped and coarsely toothed. Aromatic Sumac, Fragrant Sumac, Sweet-scented Sumac, Three-leaf Sumac, Skunk-bush Sumac Rhus aromatica . Fragrant sumac prefers upland open woods, fields and rocky cliffs. If you plant this, you can have a bit of fun surprising visitors who can't tell it from poison ivy! Very nice fall color. Noteworthy Characteristics. The cultivar 'Gro-low' is often used as a ground cover as it is lower-growing. The common name sumac is from the Middle English for related tree. The bright red clusters of autumn berries often last into winter. Fragrant sumac has a greater chance of taking the abuse than the other plants and may act as protection for them. They remind me of the Native Americans that first occupied this land, simply because they were such important sources of food, medicines, weaving materials and dyes. Trees are woody plants over 13 feet tall with a single trunk. The thickets provide wildlife cover. Fragrant Sumac makes a pretty hedge or back of the border, especially if you like a wilder edge to your landscape. Straggling to upright native shrubs 0.5-2(-2.5) meters tall (rarely tree-like), forming colonial thickets of up to 10 feet spread, suckering from the roots, the branches slender ascending, puberulent, glabrate, or densely pilose; buds naked, tiny, yellow, hairy, surrounded by a raised, circular leaf scar. Fragrant sumac definition is - a sweet-scented sumac (Rhus aromatica) with ternate leaves, yellowish green flowers in spikes resembling catkins, and red hairy fruits. Staghorn sumac, or Rhus typhina, is easily identified by the red fruit clusters resembling an Olympic torch, or the velvety antlers of a male deer (stag), hence the name of “staghorn.” Sumac is very popular in both the Middle East and the Mediterranean. This shrub will form a low colony and grows in dreadful soils that other plants would find intolerable. Fragrant Sumac can be an erect shrub with ascending branches, or it can be a low shrub with spreading branches. In late July, fruit matures as fuzzy, scarlet berries in dense, round clusters that persist through winter. A small rounded, spreading shrub which forms a dense thicket of stems. It is a trailing-rooting and colonizing ground cover. Soil/Site: Dry soils, tolerates partial shade and acid soils. The male plants produce yellow catkins while the female plants boast clusters of tiny yellow flowers in spring. Use The Smooth Sumac and Shining Sumac are smooth both on the twigs and the fruits. 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