"[26], A White mob ransacked the Free Speech office, destroying the building and its contents. Ida B. Ida B. A White mob destroyed her newspaper office and presses as her investigative reporting was carried nationally in Black-owned newspapers. Wells. Paperback $21.00 $ 21. In 1894, before leaving the US for her second visit to Great Britain, Wells called on William Penn Nixon, the editor of the Daily Inter Ocean, a Republican newspaper in Chicago. Ida B. Wells-Barnett, née Ida Bell Wells, (born July 16, 1862, Holly Springs, Mississippi, U.S.—died March 25, 1931, Chicago, Illinois), African American journalist who led an antilynching crusade in the United States in the 1890s. Wells (1862-1931) was a newspaper editor and journalist who went on to lead the American anti-lynching crusade. [52] She was the first African-American woman to be a paid correspondent for a mainstream White newspaper. [18] In 1889, she became editor and co-owner with J. L. Fleming of The Free Speech and Headlight, a Black-owned newspaper established by the Reverend Taylor Nightingale (1844–1922) and based at the Beale Street Baptist Church in Memphis. Wells Men Women White Although lynchings have steadily increased in number and barbarity during the last twenty years, there has been no single effort put forth by the many moral and philanthropic forces of the country to put a stop to this wholesale slaughter. She went to work and kept the rest of the family together with the help of her grandmother. Afro-amerikarren eskubideen aldeko NAACP erakundearen sortzaileetako bat izan zen. She then went to his office and lobbied him. At the age of 24, she wrote, "I will not begin at this late day by doing what my soul abhors; sugaring men, weak deceitful creatures, with flattery to retain them as escorts or to gratify a revenge."[12]. ’03), Ron Nixon and Topher Sanders, the society seeks to increase the ranks, retention and profile of reporters and editors of color in the field of investigative reporting. National Women's Rights Convention (1850–1869), Women's suffrage organizations and publications, Emmeline and Christabel Pankhurst Memorial, Centenary of Women's Suffrage Commemorative Fountain, List of lynching victims in the United States, William "Froggie" James and Henry Salzner, Thomas Moss, Henry Stewart, Calvin McDowell (TN), Thomas Harold Thurmond and John M. Holmes, Henry Hezekiah Dee and Charles Eddie Moore, Association of Southern Women for the Prevention of Lynching, Emmett Till Unsolved Civil Rights Crime Act, The National Memorial for Peace and Justice, "The United States of Lyncherdom" (Twain), Timeline of women's legal rights (other than voting), Pulitzer Prize Special Citations and Awards, American Heritage Picture History of the Civil War, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ida_B._Wells&oldid=993194288, Activists for African-American civil rights, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from October 2020, Articles with dead external links from October 2020, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, During slavery time, she noted that Whites worked to "repress and stamp out alleged 'race riots, She noted that Whites frequently claimed that Black men had "to be killed to avenge their assaults upon women". Ida B. Barrett was dissatisfied with the response and was frustrated that the People's Grocery was competing with his store. She continued to work after the birth of her first child, traveling and bringing the infant Charles with her. Her call for all races and genders to be accountable for their actions showed African-American women that they can speak out and fight for their rights. [76] That year she started work with The Chicago Conservator, the oldest African-American newspaper in the city. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. African-American journalist and activist who led an anti-lynching crusade in the United States in the 1890s. The couple had four children. 1996 The Ida B. Though she is considered a founder of the NAACP, Wells cut ties with the organization because she felt it that in its infancy it lacked action-based initiatives. Wells wrote articles decrying the lynching and risked her own life traveling the south to gather information on other lynchings. Wells was a suffragist. Ida B. Wells-Barnett (1862-1931) On March 3, 1913, the eve of Woodrow Wilson’s inauguration, Ida B. Wells-Barnett was in a Washington, D.C. drill rehearsal hall with sixty-four other Illinois suffragists. Ida B. It concluded, "We think it is evident that the purpose of the defendant in error was to harass with a view to this suit, and that her persistence was not in good faith to obtain a comfortable seat for the short ride. Chicago History Museum/Getty Images. In 2019, a new middle school in Washington, D.C., was named in her honor. When he died in 1895, Wells was perhaps at the height of her notoriety, but many men and women were ambivalent or against a woman taking the lead in Black civil rights at a time when women were not seen as, and often not allowed to be, leaders by the wider society. Wells was not yet three when the Civil War ended and slavery was abolished, so she had no personal memory of being enslaved. Wells travelled twice to Britain in her campaign against lynching, the first time in 1893 and the second in 1894. [118], In 1988, she was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame. [134] This organization was created with much support from the Open Society Foundations, Ford Foundation, and CUNY Graduate School of Journalism. The oldest of eight children, Ida B. She stayed in the North after her life was threatened and wrote an in-depth report on lynching in America for the New York Age. Wells Receives Pulitzer Prize Citation: 'The Only Thing She Really Had Was the Truth, "Letter to the Editor: Ida Wells an inspiring heroine for International Women's Day", "Protesters Hang an 'Ida B. Wells Association, was founded by University of Memphis philosophy graduate students to promote discussion of philosophical issues arising from the African-American experience and to provide a context in which to mentor undergraduates. He refused to vote for Democratic candidates (see Southern Democrats) during the period of Reconstruction, became a member of the Loyal League, and was known as a "race man" for his involvement in politics and his commitment to the Republican Party. Ida B. Wells-Barnett (July 16, 1862–March 25, 1931), known for much of her public career as Ida B. Nightingale and, although he'd sold his interest to Wells and Fleming in 1891,[27] assaulted him and forced him at gun point to sign a letter retracting the May 21 editorial. [6] Before the Emancipation Proclamation was issued, Wells' parents were enslaved to Spires Boling, an architect, and the family lived in the structure now called Bolling–Gatewood House, which has become the Ida B. Wells-Barnett Museum. Ida B. Wells used the event to begin her journalistic career, establishing herself as one of the most popular figures in the n… Wells, one of the nation’s most influential investigative reporters, in 1920. [1] Over the course of a lifetime dedicated to combating prejudice and violence, and the fight for African-American equality, especially that of women, Wells arguably became the most famous Black woman in America.[2]. [9] Wells had been visiting her grandmother's farm near Holly Springs at the time, and was spared. [152], Wells' life is the subject of Constant Star (2002), a widely performed musical drama by Tazewell Thompson,[153] who was inspired to write it by the 1989 documentary Ida B. Wells Homes in her honor. Wells was an active fighter for woman suffrage, particularly for Black women. You probably have not heard her described this way before. "[20], Wells' anti-lynching commentaries in the Free Speech had been building, particularly with respect to lynchings and imprisonment of Black men suspected of raping White women. She stands as one of our nation's most uncompromising leaders and most ardent defenders of democracy. This was evident when in 1899 the National Association of Colored Women's Clubs intended to meet in Chicago. Following the end of the Civil War , her father, who as an enslaved person had been the carpenter on a plantation, was active in Reconstruction period politics in Mississippi. Wells – feminist, activist, suffragist - died in 1931. In the 1890s, Wells documented lynching in the United States in articles and through her pamphlet called Southern Horrors: Lynch Law in all its Phases, investigating frequent claims of Whites that lynchings were reserved for Black criminals only. [104], During World War I, the U.S. government placed Wells under surveillance, labeling her a dangerous "race agitator". Wells, written by Wendy D. Jones (born 1953) and starring Janice Jenkins,[149] was produced. Wells is the 25th African-American entry – and fourth woman African American – on a U.S. postage stamp. View a short video about her work to guarantee access to the vote.. Wells was born enslaved in Holly Springs, Mississippi in 1862. Ida B. Wells and 'American Atrocities" in Britain", "Great Grandson of Influential Civil Rights Pioneer Ida B. Working closely with both African-American community leaders and American suffragists, Wells worked to raise gender issues within the “Race Question” and race issues within the “Woman Question.” The safety of women, of childhood, of the home is menaced in a thousand localities, so that men dare not go beyond the sight of their own roof tree. She notes that her data was taken from articles by White correspondents, White press bureaus, and White newspapers. "[4], Ida Bell Wells was born on the Bolling Farm near Holly Springs, Mississippi,[5] July 16, 1862. https://www.womenshistory.org/.../biographies/ida-b-wells-barnett Virus numbers by … If Southern men are not careful, a conclusion might be reached which will be very damaging to the moral reputation of their women. [63], In addition to Barnett's two children from Ferdinand's previous marriage, the couple had four more: Charles Aked Barnett (1896–1957), Herman Kohlsaat Barnett (1897–1975), Ida Bell Wells Barnett, Jr. (1901–1988), and Alfreda Marguerita Barnett (married surname Duster; 1904–1983). Wells: A Courageous Voice for Civil Rights", "The Original Women's March on Washington and the Suffragists Who Paved the Way", "Ida B. Wells was an African American woman who lived in the United States in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. [20], On March 5, 1892, a group of six White men including a sheriff's deputy took electric streetcars to the People's Grocery. Wells", "Quakers Against Racism: Catherine Impey and the, "Re-Embodying Ida B. Wells Looks to Erect Memorial", "Issues Honor Ida B. Many of the articles published at the time of her return to the United States were hostile personal critiques, rather than reports of her anti-lynching positions and beliefs. Wells Plaza". Offet was convicted of rape and served four years of a 15-year sentence, despite his sworn denial of rape (the word of a Black man against that of a White woman). She and her supporters in America saw these tours as an opportunity for her to reach larger, White audiences with her anti-lynching campaign, something she had been unable to accomplish in America. [134], In 2018, the National Memorial for Peace and Justice opened; it includes a reflection space dedicated to Wells, a selection of quotes by her, and a stone inscribed with her name. The Ida B. "[16] Wells was ordered to pay court costs. She held strong political opinions and provoked many people with her views on women's rights. Frederick Douglass had written an article noting three eras of "Southern barbarism" and the excuses that Whites claimed in each period. The Extra Mile – Points of Light Volunteer Pathway, a memorial adjacent to the White House in Washington, D.C., selected Wells as one of its 37 honorees. She began to interview people associated with lynchings, including a lynching in Tunica, Mississippi, in 1892 where she concluded that the father of a young White woman had implored a lynch mob to kill a Black man with whom his daughter was having a sexual relationship, under a pretense "to save the reputation of his daughter. Barnett founded The Chicago Conservator, the first Black newspaper in Chicago, in 1878. About two years after Wells' grandmother, Peggy, had a stroke and her sister, Eugenia, died, Wells, at the invitation of an aunt in Memphis, Fanny Butler (née Fanny Wells; 1837–1908), with her two youngest sisters, moved in with her in 1883. As she was being removed, she bit one of the crew members. Wells began writing for the paper in 1893, later acquired a partial ownership interest, and after marrying Barnett, assumed the role of editor. Wells Graduate Student Fellowship", Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia, "Letter from Frederick Douglass to Ida B. "The colored race multiplies like the locusts of Egypt," she had said, and "the grog shop is its center of power. Wells-Barnett explored these in detail in her The Red Record.[38]. But, given power relationships, it was much more common for White men to take sexual advantage of poor Black women. View a short video about her work to guarantee access to the vote. [56], On the last night of her second tour, the London Anti-Lynching Committee was established – reportedly the first anti-lynching organization in the world. The store was located in a South Memphis neighborhood nicknamed "The Curve". The two male youths got into an argument and a fight during the game. She noted that White people assumed that any relationship between a White woman and a Black man was a result of rape. Black economic progress was a contemporary issue in the South, and in many states Whites worked to suppress Black progress. A mob stormed her newspaper office and destroyed all of her equipment. The chapter titled "Miss Willard's Attitude" condemned Willard for using rhetoric that promoted violence and other crimes against African Americans in America. Wells", "How These Women Raised $42k in a Day for an Ida B. But we've had enough of it. Chicago History Museum/Getty Images. For her outstanding and courageous reporting on the horrific and vicious violence against African Americans during the era of lynching. [107], Wells began writing her autobiography, Crusade for Justice (1928), but never finished the book; it would be posthumously published, edited by her daughter Alfreda Barnett Duster, in 1970, as Crusade for Justice: The Autobiography of Ida B. She is the 13th in the Postal Service's Black Heritage series. When Wells learned that Terrell had agreed to exclude Wells, she called it "a staggering blow". Perhaps the most notable example of this conflict was her very public disagreement with Frances Willard, the first President of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU).[86]. Wells had been invited for her first British speaking tour by Catherine Impey and Isabella Fyvie Mayo. In 1896, Wells took part in the meeting in Washington, D.C., that founded the National Association of Colored Women's Clubs. Wells Homes started to be torn down. Wells, Who Took on Racism in the Deep South With Powerful Reporting on Lynchings", "Theater Review; A Pageant Based on History, With Songs That Yearn", "Ida B. Wells from 1893. [3], In 2020, Wells was posthumously honored with a Pulitzer Prize special citation "[f]or her outstanding and courageous reporting on the horrific and vicious violence against African Americans during the era of lynching. Wells", "Ida B. [citation needed], Wells was an active member of the National Equal Rights League (NERL), founded in 1864, and was their representative calling on President Woodrow Wilson to end discrimination in government jobs. In Wells' hometown of Holly Springs Mississippi, the Ida B. Wells was a pioneering black journalist and an activist for women’s rights and the suffrage movement. [91], Wells, her husband, and some members of their Bible study group, in 1908, founded the Negro Fellowship League (NFL), the first Black settlement house in Chicago. [8] In 1917, Wells wrote a series of investigative reports for the Chicago Defender on the East St. Louis Race Riots. She was one of the founders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Ultimately, Wells-Barnett concluded that appealing to reason and compassion would not succeed in gaining criminalization of lynching by Southern Whites. [134] Following in the footsteps of Wells, this society encourages minority journalists to expose injustices perpetuated by the government and defend people who are susceptible to being taken advantage of. Wells from 1893. [55] She relied heavily on her pamphlet Southern Horrors in her first tour, and showed shocking photographs of actual lynchings in America. Her paternal grandmother, Peggy Wells (née Peggy Cheers; 1814–1887), along with other friends and relatives, stayed with her siblings and cared for them during the week while Wells was teaching.[10]. [105], In the 1920s, she participated in the struggle for African-American workers' rights, urging Black women's organizations to support the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, as it tried to gain legitimacy. Jul 9, 2020 - Explore Gaines Brown's board "Ida B. Du Bois, and more traditionally minded women activists, Wells often came to be seen as too radical. The WCTU was a predominantly White women's organization, with branches in every state and a growing membership. She also fought for woman suffrage. Using the name "Iola", Wells had a number of her articles published in black newspapers and periodicals. Tom Moss, Calvin McDowell, and Will Stewart started a grocery store, which drew customers away from a white-owned store in the neighborhood. After brutal attacks on the African American community in Springfield, Illinois in 1908, Wells took action. Wells was a prominent journalist who exposed racial violence in the South. Wells refused, and stood on the parade sidelines until the Chicago contingent of white women passed, at which point she joined the march. Wells to Beale Street more than 100 years after Wells was driven from Memphis. On May 4, 1884, a train conductor with the Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad[13][14] ordered Wells to give up her seat in the first-class ladies car and move to the smoking car, which was already crowded with other passengers. She was one of the founders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Wells was born on July 16, 1862 in Holly Springs, Mississippi raised by the well-respected James and Elizabeth Wells. The couple had four children. The rest of the Suffrage Club contingent marched at the back of the parade. The white store owner and his supporters clashed with Moss, McDowell, and Stewart on multiple occasions. [71][72] In 1914 she served as president of NERL's Chicago bureau. The Memphis Appeal-Avalanche reports: – Frederick Douglass (October 25, 1892)[21], Just before he was killed, Moss said to the mob: "Tell my people to go west, there is no justice here."[20]. "[24], Four days later, on May 25, The Daily Commercial published a threat: "The fact that a Black scoundrel [Ida B. Wells Society for Investigative Reporting was launched in Memphis, Tennessee, with the purpose of promoting investigative journalism. Wells by declaring March 25, 2012 – the eighty-ninth anniversary of her death – as Ida B. Ida B. In 1928, she tried to become a delegate to the Republican National Convention but lost to Oscar De Priest. She was active in women's rights and the women's suffrage movement, establishing several notable women's organizations. In 1930, Wells unsuccessfully sought elective office, running as an Independent for a seat in the Illinois Senate, against the Republican Party candidate, Adelbert Roberts. They asked Frederick Douglass to make the trip, but he declined, citing his age and health. It won four awards from the AUDELCO (Audience Development Committee Inc.), an organization that honors Black theatre. Ida B. By Patti Carr Black. Ida B. Wells-Barnett and Her Passion for Justice Lee D. Baker . Wells was born into slavery in Mississippi on July 16, 1862, less than a year before the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863 freed enslaved people. Later, moving with some of her siblings to Memphis, Tennessee, she found better pay as a teacher. [30] For the next three years, she resided in Harlem, initially as a guest at the home of Timothy Thomas Fortune (1856–1928) and wife, Carrie Fortune (née Caroline Charlotte Smiley; 1860–1940). In 1895, Wells married Ferdinand Barnett, with whom she had four children. A story broke January 16, 1892, in the Cleveland Gazette, describing a wrongful conviction of a sexual affair between a married White woman, Julia Underwood (née Julie Caroline Wells), and a single Black man, William Offet (1854–1914) of Elyria, Ohio. Wells Plaza' Banner Where a Statue of Edward Carmack Stood Before It Was Toppled by Protesters", "Birmingham Blue Plaque Unveiled to Commemorate Civil Rights Activist Ida B. By portraying the horrors of lynching, she worked to show that racial and gender discrimination are linked, furthering the Black feminist cause. Wells Museum have also been established to protect, preserve and promote Wells' legacy. Like Wells, he spoke widely against lynchings and for the civil rights of African Americans. Work done by Wells and the Alpha Suffrage Club played a crucial role in the victory of woman suffrage in Illinois on June 25, 1913 with the passage of the Illinois Equal Suffrage Act. [64], In a chapter of Wells' posthumous autobiography, Crusade For Justice, titled "A Divided Duty", she described the difficult challenge of splitting her time between family and work. Wells Barnett Award Reception", UNC Hussman School of Journalism and Media, "Playing the Transatlantic Card: The British Anti-Lynching Campaigns of Ida B. [126] In 2007 the Ida B. Ida B Wells (Wikipedia) Wells travelled to Britain in 1893 and 1894 at the invitation of social activist Catherine Impey. Ida B. The documentary featured excerpts of Wells' memoirs read by Toni Morrison. [128], In August 2014, Wells was the subject of an episode of the BBC Radio 4 programme Great Lives, in which her work was championed by Baroness Oona King. Wells Family Art Gallery was established in Holly Springs, MS . Ida B. Wells Battled Jim Crow in Memphis", College of Fellows of the American Theatre, "8 – White Women and the Campaign Against Lynching: Frances Willard, Jane Addams, Jesse Daniel Ames", Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, The Reason Why the Colored American Is Not in the World's Columbian Exposition: The Afro-American Contribution to Columbian Literature, "Announcement of the 2020 Pulitzer Prize Winners – Special Citation: Ida B. [75] Wells later reported to Albion W. Tourgée that copies of the pamphlet had been distributed to more than 20,000 people at the fair. "[4][145] The Pulitzer Prize board announced that it would donate at least $50,000 in support of Wells' mission to recipients who would be announced at a later date. [79] Wells also helped organize the National Afro-American Council, serving as the organization's first secretary. [42], According to the Equal Justice Initiative, 4084 African Americans were lynched in the South, alone, between 1877 and 1950,[43] of which, 25 percent were accused of sexual assault and nearly 30 percent, murder. Given her experience as a school teacher in segregated systems in the South, she wrote to the publisher on the failures of segregated school systems and the successes of integrated public schools. She was also one of the founders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. The decision was overturned by the Tennessee Supreme Court. "[87][88][89], Although Willard and her prominent supporter Lady Somerset were critical of Wells' comments, Wells was able to turn that into her favor, portraying their criticisms as attempts by powerful White leaders to "crush an insignificant colored woman. On the day of the march, the head of the Illinois delegation told the Wells delegates that the NAWSA wanted "to keep the delegation entirely White",[102] and all African-American suffragists, including Wells, were to walk at the end of the parade in a "colored delegation". Wells was born a slave in 1862 in Mississippi, but was freed along with her family a year later when the Emancipation Proclamation was issued.. Ida’s father, a master carpenter, was interested in furthering his own education, and Ida followed his footsteps in attending nearby Shaw … Wells Quotes On Success. They were active in the Republican Party of the Reconstruction era as well as the Freedmen's Aid Society, and her father was one of the founders of Rust College. [143], On November 7, 2019, a Mississippi Writers Trail historical marker was installed at Rust College in Holly Springs commemorating the legacy of Ida B. Ferdinand Lee Barnett, who lived in Chicago, was a prominent attorney, civil rights activist, and journalist. Around 2:30 a.m. on the morning of March 9, 1892, 75 men wearing black masks took Moss, McDowell, and Stewart from their jail cells at the Shelby County Jail to a Chesapeake and Ohio rail yard one mile north of the city and shot them dead. Get it as soon as Mon, Dec 14. "[36], After conducting greater research, Wells published The Red Record, in 1895, a 100-page pamphlet with more detail, describing lynching in the United States since the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863. Ida B. The stamp, designed by Thomas Blackshear II, features a portrait of Wells illustrated from a composite of photographs of her taken during the mid-1890s. She stands as one of our nation's most uncompromising leaders and most ardent defenders of democracy. Proceedings of the National Negro Conference, 1909. Wells: A Passion for Justice", written and directed by William Greaves. Wells was born into slavery in Holly Springs, Miss. [35], Wells, in Southern Horrors, adopted the phrase "poor, blind Afro-American Sampsons" to denote Black men as victims of "White Delilahs". McDowell was later arrested but subsequently released. The group of White men were met by a barrage of bullets from the People's Grocery, and Shelby County Sheriff Deputy Charley Cole was wounded, as well as civilian Bob Harold. This was a newspaper run by T. Thomas Fortune, a former slave. In 1891, Wells was dismissed from her teaching post by the Memphis Board of Education due to her articles that criticized conditions in the Black schools of the region. [68], Wells encountered and sometimes collaborated with the others, but they also had many disagreements, while also competing for attention for their ideas and programs. She might soon have her own statue there", "Here's Why Google Doodle Salutes Fearless, Peerless Word-Warrior Ida B. Marching the day before the inauguration of Woodrow Wilson in 1913, suffragists from across the country gathered to demand universal suffrage. Wells, 1892–1920", Center for the Study of the American South, Black Woman Reformer: Ida B. [20], Thomas Moss, a postman in addition to being the owner of the People's Grocery, was named as a conspirator along with McDowell and Stewart. Her father was a political and community leader, despite the dangerous implications of being socially active as a newly freed slave. [135][136], On March 8, 2018, The New York Times published a belated obituary for her,[2] in a series marking International Women's Day and entitled "Overlooked" that set out to acknowledge that, since 1851, its obituary pages had been dominated by White men, while notable women – including Wells – had been ignored. One of 10 children born on a plantation in Virginia, Lizzie was sold away from her family and siblings and tried without success to locate her family following the Civil War. One night they had to guard their store against an attack, and ended up shooting several of the white men. Ida B Wells Wells married Chicago lawyer and newspaper editor Ferdinand Barnett and, uncommonly for the time, hyphenated her name rather than take his. [57] Its founding members included many notables such as the Duke of Argyll, Sir John Gorst, the Archbishop of Canterbury, Lady Henry Somerset and some twenty Members of Parliament,[58] with activist Florence Balgarnie as the honorary secretary.[59]. Journalist Ida B. The name was changed to the Ida B. Wells-Barnett Museum in 2002. Wells was outspoken regarding her beliefs as a Black female activist and faced regular public disapproval, sometimes including from other leaders within the civil rights movement and the women's suffrage movement. Two years after its founding, the club played a significant role in electing Oscar De Priest as the first African-American alderman in Chicago. She won her case on December 24, 1884, when the local circuit court granted her a $500 award. Wells: Lynching Museum, Memorial Honors Woman Who Fought Lynching", "Ida B. [147], The PBS documentary series American Experience aired on October 24, 1989 – season 2, episode 4 (one-hour) – "Ida B. Wells became an internationally recognized advocate for the rights of African Americans and Women in American society. She attended summer sessions at Fisk University, a conclusion might be which... Probably have not heard her described this way before Gallery was established in Holly Springs, Mississippi on July,... Lost to Oscar De Priest as the first state east of the incident, wells left Memphis for Chicago Google. Reports for the Advancement of Colored people ( NAACP ) ended and slavery was abolished, so had. By T. 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